LVT Flooring

Ultimate Guide to Luxury Vinyl Tiles (LVT)
Luxury Vinyl Tiles, commonly known as Click Vinyl Flooring or LVT flooring, are recognized for their ability to flawlessly replicate high-end flooring designs. Built with numerous layers, the sturdy flooring not only looks great but is also the most durable on the market.
As the preferred flooring for many UK households, LVT’s benefits have raised the standard in interior design. It is manufactured with a multi-layer composition of solid vinyl backing, high-density glass fibre, PVC sheets, and increased K-Guard+ PU surface treatment, allowing it to endure the pressures of a busy home. Individual planks are available in easy gluedown or click fixing forms and can be arranged in any configuration. Whether you choose the conventional herringbone design or the more distinctive tiling patterns, the design freedom allows you to be as creative or regulated as you want.

How is LVT made?

Base
The compact beneath layers give the structural support that vinyl requires to function properly. A strong backing cushioned with a layer of glass fibre provides dimensional stability to prevent curling and allows the flooring to lay level once placed. Furthermore, the fiberglass creates a cushioned, soft feel underfoot.

Design Layer
The hyper-realistic design layer is generated utilizing cutting-edge design technology to infuse gorgeous wood, stone, and ceramic patterns into a design film. A mesh coating is applied to the design and grained under high pressure to generate the realistic textures of the anticipated flooring.

Top Layers
A defensive wear layer functions as a shield over the design, providing additional protection. A final application of K-Guard+ PU surface treatment enhances cleaning ability and scratch resistance.

How is LVT installed?
For a professional finish, we recommend hiring a certified fitter; nonetheless, self-installation can provide stunning results. The type of LVT you buy will influence the fitting procedure to utilize.
Click and gluedown LVT, like any other flooring material, require typical subfloor preparation. The quality of your subfloor might shorten the longevity of your flooring, so it’s critical to get it right.
See also: Wood Flooring or Luxury Vinyl Tiles for Your Kitchen?
1) Moisture
Luxury vinyl tiles can only be put on subfloors with moisture levels less than 75% relative humidity (RH). Before installing your subfloor, use a humidity meter to evaluate it. A moist flooring can cause LVT to rise, curl, or break.
For concrete, lay a 1m × 1m square of polythene over the predicted floor. Use tape to secure the polythene to the concrete around the perimeter. Allow this to stand for 72 hours. Peel back the tape and take your reading. If the results surpass the recommended measurement, get expert assistance before continuing.
For wood flooring, take at least 30 moisture readings across the area. Ideally, you want a constant average throughout your readings. If the results exceed the recommended measurement, get professional assistance before proceeding.
Before you begin your LVT installation, ensure that your subfloor is completely dry.

2. Levelling.
Check your subfloor to make sure it is level. Bumps and dents will alter the overall appearance of your flooring.
Check for chips, dents, or other damage on concrete. To even out the area and create a soft, smooth surface, you may need to use a leveling or screeding compound. This will have to be sanded to finish.
For wood flooring: For all wooden subfloors, a 6 mm ply-wood layer must be bolted or stapled to the floor. Where there are connections in the ply, use a fine finish to ensure that there are no protruding screws and that the junction is level and smooth. This will then be sanded to completion.

3. Clean and clear.
For the greatest results, ensure that the flooring is clean and dry, devoid of oils and bitumen compounds. Any remaining dirt or debris can interfere with the flooring’s effectiveness.

The installation of LVT is the easiest part!

Remember to acclimate your LVT to the room temperature for at least 24 hours before to installation, and leave a 6-8mm gap around the room’s edge to allow for expansion.
Click LVT does exactly that—clicks together. Each plank has a click lock mechanism that slots together to secure the planks in place. LVT planks require no adhesive when installed as a floating installation. Instead, they just need an LVT underlay to act as a barrier between the two surfaces. This will prevent movement while also reducing acoustics and increasing thermal retention.

For gluedown LVT, a layer of adhesive must be put directly to the subfloor. It is best to do this in manageable pieces to prevent the adhesive from drying. Once the adhesive has been applied, evened out, and allowed to cure, you can install the LVT planks. Once installed, roll over the Luxury Vinyl Tiles to compress the planks and seal the bond.

You may need to cut the LVT in place. A standard Stanley knife with a keen blade will glide through the planks with ease. When cutting, take care to observe all safety rules.
Finally, apply skirting/trim to the room’s perimeter to bridge the 5mm expansion gap. Fit your doorbars and sweep the floor to collect any excess debris.

Congratulations; your LVT installation is now complete!

LVT Flooring